Updated: Mar 23, 2021
So you are doing a renovation or new construction build and you are wondering if you need to change your current heating situation or are looking to add some secondary forms of heat to add that extra warmth in the winter months.
There are a lot of different heating options that come in all shapes and forms. Some are more of the temporary nature, while others are more for a permanent installation. Here are are the different types of electric heating systems in no particular order.
This by far is the most affordable option of all the different types of heating available. They can be used in warmer climates to heat spaces in their entirety or more commonly used as a secondary heating source to warm up a space more effectively.
They can be controlled directly on the heater itself or on wall controls as an option. They work well for rooms that are either poorly heated to start with or in areas where there is a lots of glass and heat loss.
A couple of disadvantages to baseboard heaters is that they take a long time to heater up a space as they use a natural convection method to transfer heat into the environment. Also, you have to make sure that you have clearance around them, so they don't become a fire hazard.
Wall heaters are a good choice for a permanent installation that is needed to help heat up spaces. They are very similar to a baseboard heater, but have a fan to help heat the space up evenly. This means that your room will heat up faster and you'll have lower monthly power bills. It will also mean you don't have to be as cold as long so it is win win situation.
These forced fan heaters can be inset in the wall or mounted on top of the drywall, depending upon model They can have optional thermostats on the wall or directly on the wall unit. They are a nice addition to any room and might be what you are looking for for your space.
Radiant heating is a nice form of heat that works well in the right situations. Just imagine yourself out on the beach and out in the sun. You can feel the heat from the sun belting down on you as it radiates from the sky. This is what radiant heat feels like. The general idea is a little different than the other types of heating that have been mentioned in this article thus far. Instead of heating the air up in the room the heat radiates and only heats you up, giving you immediate comfort when unearth of the heater or in front of it.
Radiant heaters are used on the ceilings in garages or can look similar to baseboard heaters heating up smaller areas. They can be a great idea depending upon the space.
In Floor Heating
Do you not like cold feet? You are not alone. Electric in floor heat is a nice addition to any space. The great part of using this type of heat as it works fairly evenly from the floor up. As you know, heat rises allowing people in the room to have maximum comfort in a fairly short amount of time.
Electric in floor heat is not very cost effective to heat large spaces with, so it more commonly seen used in bathrooms. They are small spaces that will heat up quickly when you go to have a shower and not let your feet get cold after you get out. Larger spaces are usually heated with hydronic radiant floor heating systems.
This type of heater is the most temporary and plugs into an outlet in a room. Usually they are designed to be used for a period of time and then can be stored or put away. The greatest part is that you can move them to different rooms or areas and are not stuck with having a permanent location. They usually have small fans on them that helps to more evenly heat up a space. This is nice as it is on those cold winter days where you might want to have that extra little bit of comfort.
You can get higher output space heaters, but a lot of the ones designed for around the home only use 120 Volt. This means that you are not going to see a lot of heat output out of most models. But, if you think about it, this might be all the extra comfort that you need for a few months out of the year, so it may be worth your while to own one.
This type of system is one of the most efficient to warm your home with. It actually uses heat from the environment to provide heat to your home. They are very energy efficient compared to a lot of the other heaters mentioned and they also have another great function, They can provide air conditioning as well on those hot summer days, so no extra unit is required! This makes it great option depending upon the space that needs to be heated.
If you are looking at heating say a newly developed basement, some of the mini split heat pumps do not use ductwork like a forced air furnace. So if you don't have ductwork ran, you may not need any! The price tag associated with these units is fairly high, but with a heat pump, you get everything you need to be comfortable all in one unit. It may work for your space, maybe even pairing it with some of the other types of heat talked about in this article.